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Indicators and Data Dictionary

This document provides a data dictionary for indicators used by Early Childhood Iowa.

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Document Text Content:

Early Childhood Iowa 
Indicators and Data Dictionary 
Tool K(B)
Effective FY 2019

 

RESULT:  HEALTHY CHILDREN

• Indicator: Low Birth Weight 

Definition:  Babies born who weigh under 2,500 grams. 

• Numerical Method of Measurement: Percentage of babies born who weigh under 2,500 grams

• Numerator: 

• Definition:  Live births, birth weight under 2,500 grams or 5lbs. 9 oz.

• Source:  Birth Certificates, Vital Statistics of Iowa

• Agency: Iowa Department of Public Health

• Denominator 

• Definition:  Number of live births

• Source:  Birth certificates, Vital Statistics of Iowa

• Agency: Iowa Department of Public Health

• Frequency:  Annually

• Published sources: Vital Statistics of Iowa

 

• Indicator:  Immunized Children 

Definition:  Rate of Iowa’s children immunized by age 2

NOTE:  Data is for patients with a record in the Immunization Registry Information System (IRIS) and the records are in a health care provider’s immunization home and the record includes a zip code.  

a. Numerical Method of Measurement: Rate of children immunized in Iowa by age 

b. Numerator 

• Definition:  Iowa children who are fully immunized according to the CDC Child and Adolescent Immunization Schedule.

• Immunization records are in IRIS and the records is in a health care provider’s immunization home and include a zip code.  

• Source: Iowa Immunization Program Annual Report, Annual publication

• Agency: Iowa Department of Public Health/Bureau of Immunization and Tuberculosis

c. Denominator 

Definition:  All children with a record in the Immunization Registry Information System (IRIS) and the records are in a health care provider’s immunization home and the record includes a zip code.  

• Source:  Iowa Immunization Program Annual Report, Annual publication

• Agency: Iowa Department of Public Health/Bureau of Immunization and Tuberculosis

d. Frequency:  Annually

e. Published sources: Iowa Immunization Program Annual Report

 

• Indicator: Dental Services 

Definition:  Medicaid-enrolled children ages 0-5 who receive dental services 

• Numerical Method of Measurement: Percentage of Medicaid-enrolled children ages 0-5 who receive a dental service 

• Numerator: Definition:  Unduplicated number of children age 0-5 with at least 90 continuous days of Medicaid enrollment who receive at least on dental service (CDT codes D0100 – D9999) by or under the supervision of a dentist  

• Source:  Centers for Medicaid and Medicare Services (CMS) 416 Report

• Agency: Iowa Department of Public Health (via Department of Human Services)

• Denominator 

• Definition:  Number of children ages 0-5 who have been continuously enrolled in Medicaid for at least 90 continuous days

• Source:  Centers for Medicaid and Medicare Services (CMS) 416 Report

• Agency: Iowa Department of Public Health, (via Department of Human Services)

• Frequency: Annually

• Published sources 

• EPSDT Dental Services Report

• Childhood Obesity – *Future Consideration*

Add childhood obesity as an indicator of child health.  Data from Head Start/Early Head Start is available on this measure; however, it is the recommendation of the component group that additional data sources be sought to provide a representative understanding of childhood obesity in the general population. 

RESULT:  CHILDREN READY TO SUCCEED IN SCHOOL

• Indicator:  Early Literacy Skills - *See Note*

Note:  Continue inclusion of IQPPS as an indicator until such time as changes to the monitoring process are finalized and can be further reviewed.  Further, it is the recommendation of the Results Accountability Component Group that IQPPS verification be reported as the overall number and percent of programs meeting/ not meeting the criteria for verification. 

Definition: Kindergartners meeting the Fall benchmark for the early literacy universal screening measure requirements of Iowa Code section 279.68 (assessments with demonstrated technical adequacy for universal screening of literacy).

a. Numerical Method of Measurement: Percent of kindergartners meeting the Fall benchmark for the approved universal screening measure.

b. Numerator:

• Definition: Number of Iowa’s kindergarten children who perform at or above a level indicating a high probability of success on an end-of-year general outcome measure of literacy.

• Source:   Approved measures (as of 7/14) consist of: Formative Assessment System for Teachers (FAST) composite,  AIMSweb Letter Sound Fluency, AIMSweb Letter Naming Fluency, Phonological Awareness and Literacy Screening (PALS-K), Star Early Literacy, or Texas Primary Reading Inventory. Each of Iowa’s public school districts will administer one of these measures to all kindergarten children.

• Agency:   Iowa Department of Education

c. Denominator: Definition:  Total number of Iowa’s kindergarten children [enrolled as of xx date]

• Source:   Student Information System

• Agency:  Iowa Department of Education

d. Frequency: Annually 

e. Published Sources: Early Childhood Iowa Annual Report  

• Indicator: Children with No Dental Problems 

Definition:  Children entering kindergarten who have no obvious dental problems

a. Numerical Method of Measurement: Percentage of Iowa children entering kindergarten who have no obvious dental problems

b. Numerator: Definition:  Number of children entering kindergarten with a valid dental screening certificate that indicates “no obvious problems”

• Source:  School dental screening certificates / Annual state audit report

• Agency: Iowa Department of Public Health

c. Denominator Definition:  Number of children entering kindergarten with a valid dental screening certificate

• Source:  School dental screening certificates / Annual state audit report

• Agency: Iowa Department of Public Health

d. Frequency:  Annually

e. Published sources: Iowa School Dental Screening Audit Report

• Indicator:  Educational Attainment of Mothers 

Definition:  Women age 15-50 with a birth in the past 12 months by educational attainment. 

NOTE:  The American Community Survey (ACS) is an annual nationwide survey designed to provide communities with reliable and timely demo¬graphic, social, economic, and housing data for the nation, states, congressional districts, counties, places, and other localities every year.  It is conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau.  The ACS universe includes the household population and population living in institutions, college dormitories, and other group quarters.

a. Numerical Method of Measurement:  Number of women reporting the following educational attainment levels:  less than high school, high school graduation, some college, bachelor’s degree or higher.

b. Frequency: Annual 

c. Published Source:  United States Census Bureau, American Community Survey (ACS) 5-Year Estimates

RESULT: SAFE AND NURTURING FAMILIES

• Indicator:  Incidence of Child Abuse

Definition:  Child Abuse Incidence Rate for Children 5 years and under 

NOTE:  According to DHS sources, this data represents the rate per thousand that children were determined to have been abused. 

a. Numerical Method of Measure: Child Abuse Incidence Rate per 1,000 for Children 5 years and under 

b. Numerator 

• Definition:  Number of children 0 –5 years of age whose abuse has been confirmed by the Department of Human Services

• Source:  Statewide Tracking of Child Abuse Reports (STAR) 

• Agency: Iowa Department of Human Services

c. Denominator Definition: Number of total children 0 – 5 years of age

• Source:  US Census

• Agency: Iowa Department of Human Services

d. Frequency: Annual

e. Published Sources: Iowa Department of Human Services http://www.dhs.state.ia.us/Partners/Reports/ChildFamilyReports/ChildFamilyReports.html 

 

• Indicator: Teen Births 

Definition:  Births to mothers under age 20

 

a. Numerical measurement:  Percent of all births to mothers under age 20

b. Numerator: Definition: Number of births to mothers under age 20

• Source: Birth Certificates, Iowa Vital Statistics

• Agency: Iowa Department of Public Health

c. Denominator: Definition: Total number of births to mothers of all ages

• Source: Birth Certificates, Iowa Vital Statistics

• Agency: Iowa Department of Public Health

d. Frequency: Annual, by county number of births and number of births to mothers under Age 20

e. Published Source: Iowa Vital Statistics 

 

• Indicator: Domestic Violence Rate 

Definition:  Domestic Abuse Rate; and Domestic Abuse Rate where children were present   

 

a. Numerical measurement:  

Domestic Abuse Rate per 100,000

Percent of domestic abuse incidents where children were present by no children present, children present but not harmed, children present and harmed

b. Frequency: Annual

c. Source: Iowa Department of Public Safety   

 

• Indicator: Accredited Family Support Programs in Iowa 

Definition:  Programs that have demonstrated adherence to quality standards as determined by an external review. 

 

a. Numerical measurement:  Percent of accredited family support programs

b. Numerator: Definition: Number of Family Support programs that have demonstrated adherence to the Iowa Family Support Standards, or comparable standards as demonstrated through an external evaluation

• Source: Iowa Family Support Program Database

• Agency: Iowa Department of Public Health 

a. Denominator: Definition: Total number of Family Support Programs that receive some governmental funding 

• Source: Iowa Family Support Program Database 

• Agency: Iowa Department of Public Health 

b. Frequency: Annual

c. Published Source: Iowa Department of Public Health, Bureau of Family Health, Home Visitation website

 

 

RESULT:  SAFE AND SUPPORTIVE COMMUNITIES

 

• Indicator: Crime Rate 

Definition:  The rate of serious crime per 100,000 population

a. Numerical Method of Measure: Rate per 100,000 population

b. Numerator: Definition:  Criminal offenses; i.e., incidence of crime without arrest or conviction reported to the Iowa Department of Public Safety annually.  “Serious” offenses include the index offenses of murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny, and motor vehicle theft.

• Source:  Iowa Based Crime Reporting System

• Agency:  Iowa Department of Public Safety

c. Denominator: Definition:  Total population of area, estimated annually 

• Source:  US Census Bureau

• Agency:  State Census Coordinator, State Library 

d. Frequency: Available annually, by calendar year

e. Published sources: Iowa Uniform Crime Reports, Annual Release 

• Iowa’s Counties by Goudy, Burke, & Hanson.  ISU

• Crime in the United States, published annually by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (contains data adjusted for underreporting by law enforcement [but not for non-reporting to law enforcement by citizens.])

 

• Indicator:  Juvenile Crime 

Definition:  Calculated rate that divides the total number of total juvenile arrests by the estimated mid-year population under age 18.  Rate is 1 per 100,000 population.

 

a. Numerical Method of Measure:  Total arrests per 100,000 estimated juvenile population 

b. Numerator: Definition:  Number of arrests of persons 18 years or under for any offense

• Source:  Incidence Based Crime Reporting System

• Agency:  Iowa Department of Public Safety

c. Denominator: Definition:  Number of persons 18 years or under

• Source:  Incidence Based Crime Reporting System

• Agency:  Iowa Department of Public Safety

d. Frequency: Annually 

e. Published sources: No published source

 

• Indicator:  Child Deaths

Definition: Child deaths due to accidents 

 

a. Numerical Method of Measurement: The number of child deaths due to unintentional injuries/estimated midyear Iowa population per 100,000 population of children under age 5 years 

b. Frequency: Annually 

c. Published sources: Iowa Department of Public Health,  Vital Statistics 

 

• Indicator:  Unemployment Rate 

Definition: The number of unemployed persons 

a. Numerical Method of Measurement: The percent of unemployed persons 

b. Numerator: Definition: Number of persons 16 years and older who are unemployed.

• Source: Annual Average Labor Force Summaries

• Agency: Iowa Workforce Development

c. Denominator Definition:  Total number of persons 16 years and older employed and unemployed. 

• Source: Annual Average Labor Force Summaries

• Agency:  Iowa Workforce Development

d. Frequency:  Annually 

e. Published sources: Iowa Workforce Development Annual Report and website

 

• Indicator: Children in Poverty

Definition:  Children under six years of age living in poverty.   

NOTE: According to KIDS COUNT, the data are based on income received in the 12 months prior to the survey. SOURCE: State-level data from U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey.

a. Numerical measurement:  Percent of children, under 6, who live in families with incomes below 100 percent of the U.S. poverty threshold, as defined by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

b. Numerator: Definition: Number of children under six years of age living in poverty

• Source: Kids Count Data Center

c. Denominator: Definition: Total number of children under six years of age

• Source: U.S. Census data

d. Frequency: Annual

e. Published Source: Kids Count Data Center, http://www.datacenter.kidscount.org/   

 

RESULT: SECURE AND NURTURING EARLY LEARNING ENVIRONMENTS

Indicator: Quality Early Learning Environments  

Definition: Quality early learning environments that are NAEYC (National Association for the Education of Young Children) or NAFCC (National Association of Family Child Care) accredited and/or meet Head Start program performance standards, and/or verified QPPS sites, and/or have achieved QRS level 4-5. 

a. Numerical Method of Measurement: Number of quality early learning environments that are NAEYC (National Association for the Education of Young Children) or NAFCC (National Association of Family Child Care) accredited and/or meet Head Start program performance standards, and/or verified QPPS sites, and/or have achieved a QRS level 4-5.

b. Frequency: Annually 

c. Published Sources: Early Childhood Iowa Annual Report 

 

• Indicator:  Availability of Child Care - 

Definition:  The number of “slots" or "spaces" potentially available for a child in a licensed or registered setting.

 

NOTE:  According to DHS sources, the number of slots represents the statewide capacity of licensed and registered childcare providers.  Homes are allowed to care for additional children for special situations, such as snow days, before and after school care, and emergency care.  Data collection does not include additional children for special situations.

 

a. Numerical Method of Measure: Count of licensed or registered child care slots available

• Definition:  Number of child care slots available for children, 0 – 13 years of age, in licensed and registered provider settings.  The data is based on point-in-time, with the 1998 and 1999 data drawn in August of each of those years.

• Source: Department of Human Services DCPDMAST report

• Agency:  Department of Human Services 

b. Frequency:  Upon request, point-in-time

Published sources: Goudy, Burke & Hanson

• Indicator:  Working Parents  

      Definition:  Children under six years of age, with all parents in the workforce

a. Numerical Method of Measure: Percent of children under 6 years with all parents in the labor force

b. Frequency:  Annual 

c. Published Source: American Community Survey, Table B-23008, www.census.gov